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News Gerontology
Anton Trstenjak Institute
Publications / Quality of Old Age Back

VOLUME 8, NUMBER 4, 2005

Social Networks among the Elderly during Slovenia's transition period
Valentina Hlebec, Srna Mandič

This article deals with changes in the composition of social support networks of the elderly during the period of transition in Slovenia between 1987 and 2002. Multiple Classification Analysis is used to evaluate the effects of year of measurement, age of respondents, gender, marital status and education upon composition of social support networks. The composition of support networks changed significantly over the period of transition in Slovenia. The main change has been a reduction in the percentage of kin and an increased percentage of friends in network composition. Most important changes for the elderly are associated with education, gender and marital status. The percentage of friends has increased most for those elderly with better education, although kin still represents the majority of each support network. Partners are the main support providers for older men in 2002, thus indicating a significant reduction in the heterogeneity of their support networks. The percentage of kin was reduced to 50% for single people--siblings and extended family being the main support providers, besides friends and neighbors.

Key words: elderly, social support networks, Slovenia, transition, quality of life, family, gender, education

Unequal accessibility to direct social care services in living environment
Maša Lukan Civič

Constitution of Republic of Slovenia assures right to social security to all citizens. The content of the right is described in Social Security Act which among other social rights names also right of elderly people for social care in their living environment. But the present organization of social politics in the field of helping elderly allows inequality in accessibility and quality of direct social care, depending on area of residence and kind of help needed. Inequality is based on evidence gathered from data of Ministry of work, family and social matters and the author’s own research, which compared hourly rates of direct social care services in different areas.

Key words: right to social security, direct social care, unequal accessibility to social care services

Ageing in the Promised Land
Bori Grabovac Morse

The Health Care System for Elderly Persons in America appears to favour only the healthier and the richer citizens.
Old age is supposed to signal ease of life, ie, retirement, respect that comes from experience of life and a worry-free existence...If this were true for American and Slovenes alike, some of the "bad-changes", ie, reduced mobility, fixed incomes and others subtle adjustments life throws at the aged might not make this period a time to fear, even dread.
The elderly class in Slovenia and America, and their range of options differ somewhat from society-to-society...Americans are presented with more choices in the areas of housing/and other varying degrees of supervised living/care. Slovenes pay lass for health care(There are 44 million people in the US without health insurance), and have a "safety-net" in their pension plan(s).

Key words: healthcare, housing, social and financial security

From companionship to art workshops in the home for the aged
Manca Podjed, Natalija Vrešak

Graduation thesis is a display of our voluntary work in the home for the aged which began as companionship with elderly and later developed into art workshops. The workshops took place once a week. In theoretic part we define the concepts of age and aging, gerontology, social immune system, companionship, voluntary work and art therapy. In the research part of the thesis we present the results of the evaluation of workshops, which we acquired through qualitative analysis of interviews of participants. Through evaluation we tried to get the return information and insight into reasonability as well as necessity of art activity in the homes for the aged.

Key words: age and aging, home for the aged, solidarity, voluntary work, companionship, art therapy, qualitative research

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