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News Gerontology
Anton Trstenjak Institute
Publications / Quality of Old Age Back

VOLUME 6, NUMBER 2, 2003

Social pathology and ageing
Jože Ramovš

The article derives from cognitions and experiences gained through the courses for better relations and communication with an older family member. The main cognitions are that social pathology in old age is just as frequent phenomenon as physical and mental illness, that it is very damaging for good interpersonal relations and that in a psycho-somatic way causes and aggravates physical and mental illness. The author defines social pathology in the third period of life. While introducing several types of social pathology he focuses the article on serious social disturbances in interpersonal relations; as the most common ones he mentions nuisance, bitterness and pessimism of an old person. He gives few suggestions on how to overcome problems deriving from everyday social pathology and the possibilities for its prevention. The basis for these suggestions is author’s cognition that one must - in order to live a quality life- devote throughout his life one hour weekly to good personal communication with positive people of all three generations.

Keywords: old age, social pathology in old age, therapy, prevention

Quality of life on the verge of old age - with whose help?
Petra Kersnič

The article is about the care for old people in the third period of life. The health system has more and more difficulties due to limited resources, demographical changes and growing needs of the population. Therefore, we are facing a complete reform of the health system in Slovenia. The author introduces the health care system and describes the nurses work. More and more services that were provided within the institutions are now moving into home environment. This demands adequate organization of experts, especially of district nurses. At the same time the volunteer work is becoming an important part of care for elderly people. Health care as a health discipline has many challenges to face in the future - mainly it will require more experts, especially for home care

Keywords: old age, health service, health, health care, nurse, volunteer work

Management of demented patients in Norway
Knut Engedal

The article discusses the situation of demented persons in Norway. Norway, as a welfare state has established a variety of social and health care services to persons with dementia and their caregivers, since dementia affects both patients and their caregivers. The author emphasizes the importance of a correct diagnosis for treatment. He also stresses the importance of differentiating the dementia syndrome from normal ageing and cognitive impairment. Although none of the disorders that cause dementia are treatable, much can be done to relieve the patients’ symptoms and caregivers’ burden. Services for these patients and their caregivers in Norway are provided by primary and specialist health care. Expert centres are mainly established within the field of geriatric psychiatry and departments of geriatric medicine.

Keywords: dementia, diagnosing, assessment, drug treatment, health and social care

Few information on Czech Alzheimer Association

Iva Holmerová, Hana Janečková

In this article the authors shortly present the Czech Alzheimer Association. Readers will get the information on how the idea about this association emerged, what were the reasons for founding it, about its symbol-dragon fly. The authors briefly introduces the main activities of the Association and also the most recent publications.

Keywords: Czech Azheimer Association, activities

Stress in advanced years
Vinko Razboršek

The author first discusses about stress inducer and stress reaction. He emphasizes that a certain level of stress can be positive, however it is necessary to prepare for harmful stress. Stress can cause many diseases. Stress reaction can be seen in different ways; with symptoms of long-term stress, acute stress reaction, posttraumatic stress disorder and adjustment disturbance. It is good that one learns how to control stress or at least reduce it. Is old age already a stress inducer?

Keywords: stress inducers, stress reaction, controlling of stress situations

Programme of exercises at osteoporosis
Vrtačnik Marija

The author presents the adopted programme of exercises that reduce the risk of osteoporosis. There are four types of exercises that should be followed: exercises for carrying weight, exercises against resistance, exercises for correction of poise and exercises of the balance. In the last part the author gives some practical advices that should be taken into account in the everyday life work.

Keywords: osteoporosis, elderly people


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